Interactive maps lie at the heart of your geo-story. While every picture tells a story, maps excel at conveying multiple
levels of information simultaneously -- physical, social, historical, and more. Maps are uniquely human inventions, with
the potential to say as much about ourselves as the world around us.
|An example of Fuller's Dymaxion Projection.
Geo-story maps can range from simple drawings to full-featured GIS presentations with audio-visual interactivity cued
off the display. The EARTHscope player can bring simple flat maps to life, allowing users to manipulate the territory
in a variety of ways such as panning, zooming, and selecting which layers of information to view. In ES v3.0, users
will be able to click or roll-over areas of interest to activate more information: graphics, text, audio, video, or
even the Internet (including your web pages).
The EARTHscope player also lets you add the dimension of time to what have historically been static (or series of static)
displays. Time-sequence data and map-based animations can show historical, present, and possible future change over time,
including alternate "what if?" scenarios.
Map Types & Formats
Your maps can display the entire earth, several regions, or a single site. Some examples include:
The ability to pan and zoom between levels lets you show different areas in context and relation, or go from the big
picture to each contributing factor.
- Global views of world trends
- Continental displays of migration patterns
- Community maps of urban areas
You are not limited to a single map type, format, or projection. Different maps can show different types of data -
biodiversity, population, geographic features, social trends, etc. - and be displayed together in sequence, as
layers, or in different chapters of your overall story (see Multiple Maps, below).
The EARTHscope supports a variety of formats, perspectives, and sizes -- see the content specifications
for more information. It's generally better to start with an electronic map, but they can be in almost any
format: paper, photograph, 3-D model, or a geo-referenced database. As long as they can ultimately be converted
into a computer file (by scanning or digital photograph) your maps can be used.
Geo-story maps can be sea charts or globes, topographic representations or aerial photographs. Mercator projections
of continents or sketches of bicycle delivery routes. Architectural blueprints for an entire city or cross-sections
of an anthill. Flowcharts map out processes. Calendars are maps of time. Feel free to use your creativity to tell
the most effective geo-story possible.
A Geo-story, chapter, or subchapter can be based on a single map graphic or several related maps. Maps can be seen
individually, or animated together as a movie or slideshow.
The EARTHscope interface also offers unique time-control functions, to show changes over time and alternate
scenarios (for example, a map of the same forest in 1950, 2000, and projections for 2050).
For best results, animated or time-lapse maps should cover the same territory, showing changes in the data
projected on a single map. Obviously, not all historical maps use the same projections or cover exactly the
same area, but a close match makes for better viewing.
Map features and markings -- including icons (such as circles for cities) and patterns (such as blue dots
for oceans) -- can be organized into data layers, which can be individually turned on or off through the key display.
This powerful feature lets users explore and interpret your maps in a way that suits their needs, exposing
often unseen interrelations and exciting user interest. For example, a wildlife habitat map could include
separate layers showing cities, roads, and migration pathways to show the complex influences these
elements have on each other.
Layers can also be used to build a more complex map from more basic elements. Simpler maps with different
data projected on the same territory can be combined as different layers to generate a visual- and
information- rich environment. You can even combine maps from different sources to show multiple dimensions
(such as a satellite photo underlying a street map for added realism).
Layers can be as simple or complicated as your geo-story demands. Some source formats lend themselves to
layering more easily than others -- please see the content specifications for more information.